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२१ सोमबार, फाल्गुण २०८०11th December 2023, 11:01:09 am

Nationalism in Nepal - At the Verse of Collapse

११ सोमबार , मंसिर २०८०३ महिना अगाडि

Nationalism in Nepal -
At the Verse of Collapse

Professor Dr. Uttam Karmacharya - - -
Washington Virginia,   

In the 21st century, it is hard to imagine a world without nations. However, the concept of a nation-state did not come to fruition until the late 18th century. Up until the French Revolution, political unity coalesced around empires, fiefdoms, and tribal affiliations. In the late 18th century into the 19th century, a political concept called nationalism developed. The nationalism definition in world history centered on societal unity around shared ethnic traits such as language, beliefs, and traditions. This is known as classical nationalism.
The concept of nationalism also grew out of 19th century liberalism, which supported republican governments over monarchies and put political authority in the hands of citizens that recognized a national, multicultural state. In this latter case, it is known as liberal nationalism and focused on the unity of a nation based on shared allegiance to a political representative, rather than unity based on shared ethnicity.
Education system cannot be transplanted from other countries. So is the case with Nationalism, it can never be imported as other accommodates / goods imports. 
It is found that FOLLOW THE TRUTH NOT THE MAJORITY is the major mission and vision of the heroes and builders of nationalism of different walks of social and political leaders and people of different communities as depicted by the exemplary book Greater Nepal edited by strong Nationalist of Nepal Mr. Rajan Karki. I am very fortunate to go through the book entitled “The greater Nepal” all articles of ten Nepali Nationalist of Nepal.  They were of the opinion that Nepal and Nepalese are so fortunate not ruled by any colonial countries of the world. Throughout all history of Nepal during border expansion and construction Nepal has never been colonized and ruled by foreigners. Therefore, Nepal celebrates no Independence Day 
It is considered that Except 12 former kings of Nepal and 5 Mukhyyas of Nepal before Ranacracy no Prime ministers were considered Nationalist except Former late Prime Minister Marichman Singh Shrestha. It was the major opinion of the people of Nepal since 2007 BS  /1950 
After the revolution of 1951, non-aristocratic citizens like Matrika Prasad Koirala held the position of prime minister still under the authority of the King of Nepal. The first general election was held in 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first elected prime minister of Nepal. However, he was deposed and imprisoned in the 1960 coup d’état by King Mahendra who went on to establish an oligarchic authoritative regime, the Panchayat system as a strong Nationalist. It was of the opine of the political and senior Nepali politician that he was died because of his strong nationalistic vision  and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990. 
After the Jana Andolan movement in 1990, the country became a constitutional monarchy. However, this was interrupted with the 2005 coup d’état by King Gyanendra. After the Loktantrik Andolan movement in 2006,the monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly and the country was declared a federal parliamentary republic. The current constitution was adopted on 20 September 2015, and the first prime minister under this new constitution was KP Sharma Oli followed by  Mr. Pushpa Kamal Dahal. The people of Nepal have already evaluated his degree of Nationalistic mission and vision and the opinion of the world politics. 
For the last ten years of Nepali politics and its development can by measured and analyzed with the analysis of UNDP annual report of world of development index. Besides all these political strengths and weakness lacking to promote the concept and development of Nationalism. If we sorcery analyze the efforts of promoting Nationalism, actually speaking it is at the verse of collapse as a perceive and recapitulate for the last four decades as a students of Nepali Education system aster the implementation of National Education system plan started in 1972. As a student of education, I have found the government (MOE) is for behind for the promotion of Nationalism in Nepal.
Develop a possible national mechanism for promoting at the central level for the establishment of National Academy of Nationalism with a group of Nationalistic attitude from different walks life  including senior journalists.  
The academy should focus on the following issues for the first two years. 
1. collection of the major life profile and documents a of   ten former and late kings and their foreign policies
2. life profile and documents of former prime minister before 1950s 
3. life profile and documents of former prime minister after 1950s
4. Life profile of four martyries and patriotic of Nepal  
5. Life profile of Late Chiniya Lall Shrestha 
6. Life profile and documents of late Manju World
7. Life profile of late former Prime Minister Marich Man Singh Shrestha 
8. Collection of Universities curriculum and text books of Nepal 
9. Collection of   school curriculum and text book of Nepal
10. Life profile of late King Mahendra 
11. Life profile of late King Birendra Life profile of Former king Gyanendra
12. Translation of book entitled Greater Nepal both in English and Nepali Languages edited by respectable senior journalist and editor of Gorkha express Rajan Karki for massive distribution for study 
13. Massive study of political science curriculum and text books of Nepal Universities Level and college level
14. Massive study of universitates and college level school curriculum and text books of passed Nepal study text books 
15. Indebt study of new education system plan 
16. Collection and study of major national level educational reports since 1950 including education in Nepal, the first formal national report published in Nepal 
17. Collection and study of five volumes of Mechi to Mahakali published by the government of Nepal during Panchayat Reign 
18. Collection and study of UNDP Development index of last ten years 
19. Study of different universities of Nationalism established in different near by countries.
20. Collection of major documents and photos of events and campaign of promoting nationalism in Nepal recently .
Notes to conclude.    Patriotism vs. Nationalism
Patriotism and nationalism have similar meanings, in that they both speak to citizen support for their nation; however, the difference lies in the reason for the support. Patriotism has a long history of usage since Roman times (patria means “fatherland”) and expresses enthusiasm for representative government in a republic. Patriotism unites people to a system of government, not necessarily an inherited cultural trait.
Nationalism celebrates a nation by focusing on a specific and often privileged ethnic or cultural narrative. Nationalism also began much more recently in the late 18th century and was used to draw boundaries of nation-states based on ethnic traits and behaviors. Nationalism aligns with classical nationalism, while patriotism aligns with liberal nationalism. More recently, due to historic events that have arisen from extreme nationalism   there tends to be a more positive connotation with patriotism than with nationalism.